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Tire Week by Dave Moss

Old 05-09-2013, 12:47 PM
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Tire Week by Dave Moss

After working with Dave while I was in the Bay Area I have been following him on FB. This week has had a lot of good info and Dave has asked to pass it on so here you go:


Tire week! Everyone excited?

I'm going to give out a lot of info this week to help everyone globally. This will be going into the subscription section of the website so you get essentially a 'freebie' for the week. In saying that, donations to the cause are appreciated at my home page of www.feelthetrack.com via the PayPal tip jar (https://www.paypal.com/) using [email protected] and I will put out a reminder on that at the end of the week.

As this information is critical to ALL riders, please cut and paste all this information into forums, websites and rider groups that you belong to so we can make all riders safer. That's my mission and has been since 95, so every day I will be looking at the share numbers to see YOU are doing your bit for OUR community at large to save lives and reduce injuries.

Tire carcass heat:
As many of you posted from all over the world, you are all shooting in the dark on tire carcass heat from track to street to race etc. There is no data available from manufacturers as it is too hard a number to pin down. Why? We all ride differently, different road surfaces, temperatures, speed, ability, different power, geometry and on and on it goes...... So let's make this really basic and make things a little more complicated each day so that by the end of this week you can address any tire situation anywhere in the world with a logical approach founded on solid reasoning.

Street tires.
Street tire pressure is a balancing act between ability, longevity and grip. Budget no issue - low pressures for better grip. Need to make the tires last? Higher pressures for longevity. As a generalization that is a safe start. That being said, street tires have a working range where carcass heat is critical. As you cannot take a pyrometer probe with you and ride on the street at a consistent pace, it is impossible to judge carcass temps that way. If you resort to pressure, you should see a gain of 3-5psi on the street no matter what the brand or model of tire. That can indicate that the tire is getting warm and probably close to optimal carcass temps but you will need to ride 20 miles/35km to get the tire warm. Less gain and you have too much air, more and you started with too little.

Track tires.
You have an environment which is much more conducive to tire pyrometer probes to get accurate carcass temps. Why - you are at the track in a controlled environment and consistent pace and load can be maintained - critical to assess carcass temps. Should you do this first thing in the morning? No - you are cold, the bike is too as is the track. Wait until your 3rd session when the pace is good, smooth and consistent. These are your tires, your bike, your ability and your lap times so adjust for your needs not what someone else tells you!

That being said you HAVE to have the right compound for track temps and track surface, so don't complain when you get that wrong even though carcass temps are right!!!!!

Racing.
Track temps shifts rapidly with cloud cover and wind and that change can create a massive change in carcass heat. So during each practice session you should be checking carcass temps to see where they are after 4 laps if the above factors change. Don't shortcut this process. Track carcass and track temps with lap times so by the race, you can be 100% confident that the tire will be working at the correct temp to give you max grip and longevity!

That being said you HAVE to have the right compound for track temps and track surface and that can change rapidly so you should have 2 sets of wheels for this contingency and don't complain when you get that wrong even though carcass temps are right!!!!!

Infrared versus probe
Infrared gives you surface temps only, so it is perfect for measuring track temps. You can therefore understand that this type of tool only gives you surface temps of the tire that millisecond. Then it changes again and again - try it and stand by a tire and watch it cool down in the hot pits. If you are using this data all you are seeing is the absolute surface not the core, so you have a huge number of variables to cover to make this tool worthwhile.

The probe gets 4-5mm into the carcass and takes core temps which are far more important. If the core of the tire is at the right heat, so is the rest of it, throughout the entire tire. Watch any event, all major contenders and see that everyone has a tire probe checking carcass temps.

Here's an example of the probe I use (FYI: I have relationship with this company):

http://www.soloracer.com/pyrometer.html

SUMMARY:
Street riders should use pressure gain only as roads, conditions, traffic flow etc can cause incredible fluctuations in carcass temps.

No matter what you ride at the track and when racing the general rule of thumb is the carcass getting to somewhere around 170-200F from all the data we have in getting optimal heat into the carcass that stays there over the last 10 years from track side tuning. AGAIN - correct compound is critical otherwise you are wasting valuable time and very expensive tires.

There ends the sermon for day one. Everyone start sharing, right now. I want this information to reach 2-3 million riders each day so please do your part!
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Old 05-09-2013, 12:47 PM
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Day 2: What do you use to inflate your tires?

I figured that would create an instant emotional response to get your attention!

Street riders will get air from anywhere usually. Track riders from the track day service provider and racers from either their own supply or from the race tire service brand provider at the event.

Air:
Has a percentage of water vapor in it naturally. When we get compressed air it may have a lot more water vapor in it. Why? The compressor will retain more and more water in it daily. If that compressor hasn't been emptied and dried in weeks there will be a lot of standing water in it. Think that's odd? Go to the local petrol/gas station and see how much water vapor runs out of the nozzle in spray form. That's what you are inflating your tires with.

Why is this a problem? Water vapor can produce pressure spikes of 10-12 psi when hot giving you a completely false reading. I've seen this at Nationals, Club racing etc so taking control of your air source is critical in making sure carcass temps are true readings not influenced by water vapor content.

Before you get air from a third party source, ask them when their compressor was last emptied out of air and drained completely. Ask them if they have a water separator in line and check to see how full it is. Finally blow air out of the nozzle to see how much water vapor is visually present.

Dry air:
Best source for that is a scuba diving shop. You need to buy your own tank and regulator, but the air is high quality for obvious reasons. Is it worth the investment? For the street, perhaps not. For track days and racing most certainly but that's an individual choice that everyone must make. The question of the moment is how quickly can the investment pay off? If you ruin a tire in 2 sessions at $300, it already paid for itself. The downside is that you have to check the tank regularly and top it off which means a little planning prior to the track day or race weekend.

Nitrogen:
Serious racers all use nitrogen as it is an inert gas. That means minimal pressure gains from cold to hot of 2-3psi. Right away you immediately ask the question "What pressure do I start with?" and that of course is all based on a slew of variables. The correct answer is based on pressure and carcass temps, so you have quite a bit of work to do in R&D to find out what pressure gets the carcass to correct temps for that rider, that day, that track time, that lap time, that tire carcass and compound.

Given what you learned here, how will you apply this knowledge? Is it worth the effort to make the investment of time, energy and some cash or are you happy to stay where you are with the system and or source you use?

Does it hurt to ask if the dealership or tire vendor if they emptied the compressor yesterday or this week? No it does not, and those who care do it regularly.

Tires are our biggest consumable item, so wouldn't it be worth the effort to get the best return on investment? Race tires last a couple of hundred miles/kilometers so for me, it is worth it all. Why? Optimal carcass temps give maximum grip and wear. My tire bill would be 5 times what it is now if I didn't take a few extra minutes to pay attention to the tire carcass temps and wear and all the tire test data at feelthetrack.com supports this.

Thanks for reading and pass this along by sharing to your rider groups, email lists and forums and our community will thank you for sharing!
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Old 05-09-2013, 12:48 PM
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Day 3: Carcass dynamics

Have you ever sat on the tire you are buying to see if the carcass will hold your body weight?

Have you ever pushed on the tire to see how it will flex?

Have you ever pulled on the sidewalls to see how much they will deflect?

Have you ever measured the new tires circumference once it is fully inflated?

Have you ever mixed brands between front and rear tires?

Street/road tires
Are built generally for durability and therefore longevity. They are normally one compound across the entire upper surface. Tires are generally fairly robust in terms of carcass rigidity to meet those goals and pressures generally reflect that design. There are a range of pressures of course for obvious reasons: - compare at BT016 to an Avon Touring tire and it makes sense IF you feel the way the tire flexes.

Hypersport tires
Are constructed for a specific purpose and have hard carcass center and a softer outside edge of various measurements in width. That means the tire will flex one way with the hard center, then flex differently when on the side/softer compound. That creates different levels of flex and feel and as a rider you need to be prepared to experience that. Were you aware of this?

Track tires
Are built specifically for this purpose and are usually one compound across the upper surface. They come in several compound types from soft to endurance. Some have numbers, some have letters to designate the compound. All brands feature different carcass designs, so the feel from the tires will be dramatically different based on carcass rigidity, sidewall flex, pressures required etc. These tires can be DOT with sipes or slicks and therefore can offer very different levels of feel and flex based on the manufacturers carcass design.

So how many of you have spooned on a new set of tires, then gone off for a blast with no consideration for what you bought, how it feels/works and what the pressures need to be and with no consideration for geometry effects based on changed tire circumferences? #$%^&&$#^ !!!!!!!!!

Stop here and read these tire test reports and watch the videos. Everything that follows will be based on this material.

http://feelthetrack.com/testing-program/tire-testing/bridgestone-s20-tire-review/

http://feelthetrack.com/testing-program/tire-testing/761-2/

Tire circumference
If there was a 25mm difference in circumference just on the rear tire how would that affect the handling of the bike? Add in the difference on the front tire at 10mm, is the effect profound? Is it worth knowing this information BEFORE you take off and ride hard? If you don't know, the best result is you complain about the tires, the worst is you crash and have no idea why. In both instances you need a good slap across the back of the head or a derivitive thereof from your peers or what would be acceptable in your country! Not only did you massively increase your chances of being hurt but worse, you put others around you and on that road at risk. I'm heartily sick of this behavior because of the above. As the phrase goes "Free your mind" and start being much more serious in this area as of right now. It will make the bike handle much better and possibly save yours or anothers life.

If tire circumferences are drastically different, you can move the forks in the triple clamps/yokes to get some level of correction by raising or lowering the front end. if you are fortunate, you may be able to do the same to the rear end with shock ride height through spacers or shock adjustment.
Is there a mathematical formula that works every time? NO....... It's your bike and has to meet your needs, and the tires you put on will have a different roll profile, surface and sidewall flex so YOU have to experiment to find what you need. Yes, I know it is tedious, but trust me it is worth every second when you get to the pay back. Max grip, optimal wear. I'm just sayin'.......

Have you noticed that sipes/tread patterns on Hypersport and race DOT tires are getting smaller and never reach the edge of the tire? The design of these sipes is a critical engineering factor in controlling flex, so it is not a unique brand identifier designed by the marketing department!

Now think about wet weather riding with this sipe design - flaws? Spirited street and track riding - benefits? Brand differences - go look online!

DOT race tires have a significant amount of engineering put into this sipe design, so read up on why the sipes are the way they are. That will give you some hints as to how the tire will behave which can be matched to the carcass structure. Again, invaluable information.

Slicks offer the most amount of grip of all tires as there is no sipe pattern. If that is true, how does that impact the chassis and suspension on a track or race bike? Hint - read all the other tire tests I have posted at feelthetrack.com under product testing.......

This topic is the one I am most passionate about because the risk factor is so high especially for street/road/touring riders.

1. Feel the carcass of the tire you are buying
2. Measure the circumference when fully inflated
3. Store that data
4. Correct your chassis geometry based on the differences
5. Ride at 80% to feel the difference with that carcass
6. Find the cold or hot pressure you need
7. For track tires, that pressure is that day only
8. Stay with the same tire for a season or more!
9. If you change tires even within the same brand, start at 1
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Old 05-09-2013, 12:49 PM
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Day 4: tire pressure affecting chassis balance

No need to preach about carcass temps but let's take a closer look at the effects of pressure on the carcass. The cold pressure will ideally grow 5-7psi while on the track or 3-5psi on the street. What does that growth do to the contact patch size? How does that affect rake and trail and weight transfer?

Small bikes (GP250, 400, 650 twins) use very high corner speed and therefore load the outside and sidewall tire heavily throughout the corner.
600's use heavier trail braking going in and high corner speed.
1000's brake hard going in, minimize mid corner and hammer the throttle going out.
All of this behavior radically changes the carcass shape and therefore air pressure is a vital factor in controlling sidewall and upper surface flex.

Generally you use more air in a soft carcass to maintain structural shape under heavy braking and acceleration, or you use less air pressure to increase the size of the contact patch and therefore tire surface and grip. Depending on the bike and riding style there are g-load needs to be met as well as braking and accelerating forces. What pressures are you running, but more importantly, WHY? Have you gone through a range of pressures to find the pressure that gets the right carcass heat range and gives you the correct carcass flex/stability you are looking for?

For example, in the previous generation Pirelli DSC1 DOT race tires I ran 38 hot front and 33 hot rear on my VFR400 race bike. That gave me the structural roll profile I needed going into the corner and the sidewall rigidity I wanted for very high speed mid corner stability. It took me 3 days of testing to get to that point but it took my lap times down to race pace and most important of all I was comfortable and trusted the tires. I got the tire to meet MY needs. Your needs may be completely different.

Why so high in the front? Let's look at this dynamically. Hard braking produces weight transfer, That loads the tire and creates carcass flex. If the sidewall flexes too much, two things happen:- you lose tire shape and therefore some degree of steering ability from the profile loss AND you lose rake and trail numbers substantially enhancing that loss of steering. Take a second to stop right here and visualize that in sequence as braking occurs.

We can manage brake pressure to deal with this, but should we have to do that on the street or track? If we do, the bike is managing us. That's very poor attention to this part of set up. The bike should do exactly what you want it to and that is why carcass flex/tire pressure is absolutely critical with soft carcass tires. How many street crashes are related to not checking tire pressure before going riding and the tire folding under braking? How about crashes on the track from poor/excessive tire wear at the track from incorrect pressure?

Stresses under acceleration are obviously very different by engine size, configuration and torque/peak power. Again sidewall flex has the same roll to play as does pressure in controlling flex. If the sidewall flexes too much, can you control you exit line from any corner street or track? Where will you ultimately go exiting a corner (and as a result, what do you do with the throttle?). Now stop reading, visualize that scenario step by step starting with brake release and throttle roll on.

Now add in weight transfer and the effect on the front end geometry.

As you have those mental frame by frame references in place, when you change brands of tires you need to understand what degree of flex you have to manage (this builds on yesterdays post) and therefore the tire pressure that YOU need.

We are all different riders in so many ways no matter what we ride, where we ride and how we ride, and tire carcasses are as different as we are. If you understand flex and pressure working together, you can tune the tire to get what YOU need out of it. That in and as of itself is priceless as we all know how small that contact patch is, so why not get the best out of it but more importantly, get the most out of the rest of the tire?
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Old 05-09-2013, 12:50 PM
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and I'll post up Fridays installment tomorrow
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Old 05-09-2013, 01:55 PM
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Thanks Mike! I'm getting Dave on my FB now but since you went to the trouble I won't have to go back to read the first 3!
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Old 05-10-2013, 10:13 AM
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PLEASE CUT AND PASTE THE ENTIRE POST!

This will be the last posting for the week on this topic. It has been a very comprehensive coverage of the basics without getting too technical, but sufficiently detailed to allow you to take this technical knowledge with you to your street, track or race bike. A personal thank you to everyone that took the time and good conscience to cut and paste the information into forums globally for the benefit of our community at large, so here’s the last one for you to copy and paste. Realize there is a lot more documentation and a wealth of video at my www.feelthetrack.com and come back every week to my Facebook page: davemosstuning so that the learning can continue and you can debate and answer the Friday questions.

Whenever I go through this exercise be it a seminar, tuning event, track day or race weekend, I challenge all those riders that receive my help to find another that needs it and to pass on what they learned. There are millions of riders that need this help so if we all find one rider, then that rider finds another, slowly but surely you can help me fulfill my daily mission to educate our community and save lives!

Consider yourself challenged with the gauntlet thrown down – go find a rider that needs the help and pass the challenge on! And ……. there’s one more request at the end of the article!

Day 5: Assessing tire wear.

By now you have realized that tires are a key element in chassis and suspension tuning, and from that perspective lets see how tires help us recognize wear patterns that can guide us to the correct chassis or suspension solution.

For street riding, it is very unusual to see poor tire wear based on poor tire pressure. The most common is the ubiquitous ‘flat spot’ on the rear followed by the one side worn out more than the other on a front tire, also from low pressure and crowning of the road. It may be the left or the right side, depending on which side of the road you are forced to drive on in your country!

More commonly with street tires, wear patterns reflect suspension set up most noticeably with rebound damping. Lets start with the rear tire as that is the easiest to look at. When you follow the direction of rotation of the tire and on the outside edge of the tire, you will see the first or leading edge of the tread/sipe rounded down or gone completely. Why?

Lets break this down:
- you are braking and turning, so given weight transfer, where is the chassis load being placed?
- that being said, how much load is on the rear tire?
- if there’s a limited load on the rear tire, how much load is on the rear shock?
- given this load, how does the tire react to every little surface irregularity?
- are you seeing why the leading sipe is wearing down so fast?
- think about deflection and flex (there’s a groove behind the first edge)

If you move further toward the middle of the tire, you might notice that this rounding effect switches sides and moves to the rear edge of the sipe. ??!!??

Go on – go look at your rear tire to see if this is the case…… yes, now ☺

In the middle 2/3rds or perhaps ¾ of the carcass you have control of the rear tire via the throttle, therefore the rear tire and rear shock are under load. What degree of load depends on many factors (tire pressure, shock settings, gearing, torque, peak power, throttle position and roll on, 1 or 2 passengers, rear axle location etc). With this load on the swing arm, shock and tire, the carcass flex will be completely different in every aspect from braking and turning.

With that being said, on the outside edge of the tire under braking and turning, how fast is the tire reacting to every bump it encounters. When loaded, is that reaction speed different? Why?

Welcome to the world of high and low speed damping, all managed via piston design, flow rates, valving shims and oil viscosity. That’s why suspension experts and companies take so much time with this level of engineering to provide you with better alternatives to stock components but we cannot digress in this post.

You will see in EVERY stock motorcycle this form of tire wear. Don’t bitch about it – you get an enormous amount of engineering in modern bikes – learn how to tune the suspension to optimize the tire wear.

NOTE:
You only tune the tire where you have control of it via the throttle or brakes as you have no control over high speed damping!

Track and race DOT and slick tires:
Because these tires are subjected to a significant amount of load well above and beyond street bikes, these tires tend to show you all kinds of wear patterns in very short order ie: 5 laps/10-15 miles (bear in mind that they are meant to last a few hundred miles, not thousands!).

With DOT race tires, you can see the above sipe rebound markings clear as day, so you can make corrections to rebound damping to a degree, but it will never be perfect. Why not – we are not binary robots that do the same things every lap in every detail. Good luck on that quest…….

Here are the most common wear patterns that I deal with!

Should you get the hot pressure wrong, you will experience two things:
- when the pressure gain is 3psi or less or the carcass is at 120F, the carcass cannot get to operating temps so it tears itself apart creating the classic “cold tear

When the pressure gain is 8psi or more and the carcass is over 200F the carcass is over heating creating the classic “hot tear” This is very easy to diagnose with a pyrometer probe and less accurate with a pressure gauge.

You have to let the tire go cold and reset the cold pressure, then start over, or you stay in the hot pit chasing carcass temps for far too long!

Do you have the right compound?
If you have the wrong compound it will tear itself apart in 3 sessions, so do your homework and contact the tire vendors that frequently travel to that track to get their advice. They don’t want to ruin their reputation by selling you the wrong tire – they want you to have a great experience on their product so you will buy it again. Phone call, email, local racer comments – research them all.

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Old 05-10-2013, 10:14 AM
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Track temperatures and compounds
You have to understand by brand why each compound has a heat range that it works best with. For the most part, soft tires need hot track temps of 100-120F or more. If those temps are not present, DO NOT use that tire. A medium range compound tire is much more durable and will generally work much better in the 50-80F range. Obviously hard tires need heat but they have only so much grip as they are meant to be endurance type tires capable of sustaining 1-2 hours of track speed so that carcass has a design principle embedded into its construction. Does every tire work the same way in each brand? No it does not. Ask you vendor, top club or national racers, or other riders that know this information.

Tire carcass designs change regularly so what was true one year is upside down the next.

Geometry:
If there’s too much or too little weight bias on the rear tire you will get a band of wear that resembles a cold tear. Your pyrometer probe will give you immediate clues as to why the tear is there. Too little heat, the rear end is too high – too much heat there’s too much weight on the tire. Remember, nothing is black and white, so you need to recheck sag and hydraulic settings!

If the edge of the front tire looks like it lost the fight to a cheese grater, you have a geometry tear from too much or too little weight on the tire. Your pyrometer probe will give you immediate clues as to why the tear is there. Too little heat, the front end is too high – too much heat there’s too much weight on the tire. Again, remember that nothing is black and white, so you need to recheck sag and hydraulic settings!

Ustream shows:
Tires: - http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/6189441
Tire wear:- http://www.ustream.tv/recorded/6516891

At the start of the week, I said I would ask for donations for all the information I provided to you based on experience I gained from 1995 through a lot of hard work. This is the way I make my living and I know that for everyone that read these posts, there was some very useful information to them that can save them hundreds if not more on tire bills alone, never mind improving the handling of the bike.

It seems fair to me to ask for $5 from anyone that found this information useful and helpful. The donation can be made via PayPal using [email protected] and please mention Tire Tech in the message box. If you’d like to give more, that would be appreciated but this is an individual choice. If you don’t have PayPal you will have a friend or fellow rider that does!

If you want to mail a check, please send it to Dave Moss, 1445B South 50th St, Richmond CA 94804

My sincere thanks in advance to all those who donate(d). The revenue will allow me to keep going, produce more videos and tech articles for our community and continue on my quest to help every rider out there.

FRIDAY QUESTION
Please share with the forums and web sites you placed the tire tech on so everyone can debate this and come up with their solution.

You have bought tires that have a stiff sidewall but soft carcass top to the tire with the same size as the ones you removed. These will be going on your street bike that also doubles as a track time at times throughout your riding season. Organize this list into the correct sequence of events:

1. Fork height
2. Setting sag
3. Cold tire pressure
4. Chain tension
5. Shock length
6. Adjusting hydraulics
7. Hot tire pressures
8. Track geometry amendment
9. Circumference measurement
10. Track hot pressures
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Old 05-11-2013, 05:08 AM
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Too bad Dave gets a lot of his info wrong. It's a shame really, because guys like him who post up videos and such make it more difficult for folks like me. I find myself spending a lot of time debunking what customers have "learned" in order to start working towards real answers.

Offering something for free and then asking for $5 in return? If I ever stoop that low I hope I have the decency to just hang it up!
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Old 05-11-2013, 02:46 PM
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Cool

Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
Too bad Dave gets a lot of his info wrong. It's a shame really, because guys like him who post up videos and such make it more difficult for folks like me. I find myself spending a lot of time debunking what customers have "learned" in order to start working towards real answers.

Offering something for free and then asking for $5 in return? If I ever stoop that low I hope I have the decency to just hang it up!
I'd be interested in your views on what you disagree with, I assume it's more suspension related than tires. But hey never assume!
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Old 05-12-2013, 05:28 AM
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That was a lot of reading for no real basic info that we could all use like "do this, look for this, adjust +-")

At the end of the day I need a basic formula totune my air pressure.. is there such a thing?

Can I find a simple circuit (piece of road that has it all up down slowsharp turns, fast turns, that I'm used to riding) and then set the tire tiresto, I don't know, let's say stock VTRpressure (42 rear, 36 front) then drop 5psi do the circuit.. see how it feelsdrop another 5 psi do it again, see how it feels.. raise PSIup and down front back independently until I feel I’m dialled in. Can it not be that simple?

Where I get into problems is the dual compound (Michelin Power 3, power pure's or 2CT's) when youhit the edge of the tire it squirms and you may mistake this for a slip and standthe bike back up.. the transition in componds can really be felt. I'm told ride thorough it thetires will hold better on the soft walls leaned more then the hard walls leanedless.

Any thoughts there?
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Old 05-12-2013, 08:56 AM
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Originally Posted by Caffeine View Post
That was a lot of reading for no real basic info that we could all use like "do this, look for this, adjust +-")

At the end of the day I need a basic formula totune my air pressure.. is there such a thing?

Umm yeah it was in there.... your tire pressure should rise 3-4 PSI from cold to hot (or approximately 10%) on the street.
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Old 05-16-2013, 07:09 PM
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Originally Posted by 8541Hawk View Post
Umm yeah it was in there.... your tire pressure should rise 3-4 PSI from cold to hot (or approximately 10%) on the street.
That still dosn't give me much to go on.. the manual says 42/36.. cold pressure.. so it will go up 3 to 4 psi when warm.. but how does that help me adjust my pressure "dial in"
do I wait till the tire is warm and then drop the pressure.. by how much 1psi.. 3 psi.. how is the best way to test a tire when your not on a track?

I'm just saying I have never seen any methodology on how to dial in your tire pressure. straight forward that is.. lots of theory and practice when your using hightech equpment on tracks, but what about about the rest of us?
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Old 05-16-2013, 07:15 PM
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I guess reading comprehension could help also.....not to be rude but it really is laid out pretty plain though as I'm in kind of a good mood I'll try one more time....

You want 3-4 psi pressure rise when hot.

If you get more than 3-4 psi rise, then your starting pressure is too low. Pump it up a little more and repeat the test.

If you get less than 3-4 psi rise, then your starting pressure is too high. Drop the pressure a bit and try again.

Yes you must let the tire cool off between tests but that is all there is to it, easy peasy......
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Old 05-17-2013, 05:05 AM
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Originally Posted by Caffeine View Post
That still dosn't give me much to go on.. the manual says 42/36.. cold pressure.. so it will go up 3 to 4 psi when warm.. but how does that help me adjust my pressure "dial in"
do I wait till the tire is warm and then drop the pressure.. by how much 1psi.. 3 psi.. how is the best way to test a tire when your not on a track?

I'm just saying I have never seen any methodology on how to dial in your tire pressure. straight forward that is.. lots of theory and practice when your using hightech equpment on tracks, but what about about the rest of us?

Yes, exactly, that is a big problem. What you are "supposed" to do is take a ride down the normal roads you ride. Somewhere along the way you need to pull over, whip out your pressure gauge, and take some readings. While I'm sure there is someone out there who actually does this, the majority of people will find this to be difficult to execute.

Another factor that is not mentioned in the details above is tire wear. That is greatly affected by pressure. Lower pressures cause street tires to wear out MUCH faster. For the street you should run pressures that are similar to the recommended for your bike. For example, I run 40/40 on my personal bike. Changing 2-3psi either way won't make a heap of difference. On the racetrack it is a different story: this is a tuning aid and you don't care how fast your tires wear (generally speaking). Without the sophisticated equipment you mention it is not easy, but understanding how to read your tires goes a long way to getting something that works. If thet Dunlop truck is there you can get good starting pressures for that day - another big help.

The bottom line would be to not lose any sleep worrying about how much your tire pressure increases while you are riding. Just fill them up and work on your riding technique. Something else to think about, which is near and dear to me, is the most perfect tire pressure in the world won't help your bike handle better unless the suspension is properly setup. You need a well-rounded package or else much of this is wasted effort.
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Old 05-17-2013, 08:14 AM
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Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
While I'm sure there is someone out there who actually does this, the majority of people will find this to be difficult to execute.
It's a lot better than doing what 9 out of 10 numbnut's on a GSX-ZX-RR does... Ie, run the track pressure on the road, becuase "it's cool man!"...

And I'm not going to say that I do that very frequently... But doing it a half dozen times or so when you put on a new tire isn't really that big of a hazzle really... Starting at recommended road pressure, and checking it this way, you know you are in the ballpark...

Yeah, I know... Ambient and surface temps change, and so does tire pressure... But then at that point you really should re-tune the suspension too, if we are being **** about it...

Knowing you are using close to correct pressure for you riding style is IMHO as important as tuning the suspension... And like that, most riders will only have do it once or twice to find their setup (unless they swap to an entirely different tire)...

Just sayin... Let's find a middle road somewhere...
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Old 05-17-2013, 08:54 AM
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Originally Posted by Tweety View Post
Knowing you are using close to correct pressure for you riding style is IMHO as important as tuning the suspension...
Just so I understand you correctly: are you suggesting that if I start with a completely stock motorcycle I will get the same gains by acheiving an ideal tire pressure as I would with a properly setup suspension?
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Old 05-17-2013, 09:08 AM
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Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
Just so I understand you correctly: are you suggesting that if I start with a completely stock motorcycle I will get the same gains by acheiving an ideal tire pressure as I would with a properly setup suspension?

Can you point out where you got the idea that it is said anywhere that you will get the same gains by acheiving an ideal tire pressure as I would with a properly setup suspension? I just don't see that in what has been said so far.

Now a question for you, with a completely stock bike which will work better? Also on which bike will the tires last longer?

The one with correctly set tire pressure or the one that is set to some arbitrary pressure?
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Old 05-17-2013, 09:51 AM
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I'm feeling hostility here, but I'll try to respond anyway.

It sure sounded like that's what Tweety was saying. All I wanted to do was clarify that.

You will need to define what you mean by "correctly set pressure". My suspicion is that you are talking about some pressure that generates the pressure (really, temperature) rise as described above. This is for outright performance and leaves out several other factors. Bear in mind your tire has the actual correct pressure shown right on the sidewall. For example the Bridgestone BT016's on my Ducati should be filled to 42F/42R. This will allow them to function as designed and will provide the longest life. Keep in mind, these are street tires so that is the scope. When I take that bike to the track I will run much lower pressures, but that is a different discussion all together.
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Old 05-17-2013, 10:39 AM
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I hate to jump in but the pressures on the tire are for maximum load and or sustained high speed and are another example of OEM/CYA and part of the reason that most tire makers (and their attorney's) will only quote what the OEM say's. It is also why it is more correct than not that you should be looking at a 3-4psi rise in pressure on the street. That may be at a pressure far less than 42/42.
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Old 05-17-2013, 11:13 AM
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Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
I'm feeling hostility here, but I'll try to respond anyway.
Really? All I did was ask you to clarify what you had said.

Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
It sure sounded like that's what Tweety was saying. All I wanted to do was clarify that.
Well I've read it a few times and still don't see that, which is why I asked you to point out where you got that impression in case I missed something.

All I see is this "Knowing you are using close to correct pressure for you riding style is IMHO as important as tuning the suspension"

so I do have a hard time understanding how you got to this conclusion:

"Just so I understand you correctly: are you suggesting that if I start with a completely stock motorcycle I will get the same gains by acheiving an ideal tire pressure as I would with a properly setup suspension?"

Which was the reason for my first question, not being hostile just confused.

Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
You will need to define what you mean by "correctly set pressure". My suspicion is that you are talking about some pressure that generates the pressure (really, temperature) rise as described above. This is for outright performance and leaves out several other factors. Bear in mind your tire has the actual correct pressure shown right on the sidewall. For example the Bridgestone BT016's on my Ducati should be filled to 42F/42R. This will allow them to function as designed and will provide the longest life. Keep in mind, these are street tires so that is the scope. When I take that bike to the track I will run much lower pressures, but that is a different discussion all together.
What I take from this and please correct me if I misread what you have posted is the following:

On the street (yes this is a street riding discussion if anyone is confused) you should just pump the tires up to what is listed on the sidewall and that is "good enough" ?

If this is true I would guess it makes no difference if you are 140 lbs or 340lbs.... or if you ride sedately or with your hair on fire... the pressure should be the same?

To answer or clear up my statement, yes IMHO getting the tire to the temperature range it is designed to operate in, to me, is important.
I guess cold or hot tearing is not an issue on the street. Sorry couldn't help myself.

To me, as this might not matter to some, getting the tires dialed in is just as important as getting your comp. & rebound clickers set correctly.

Sure this is just the street and setting everything to "factory stock" will work good enough but it can work much better.

Saying it is too much hassle to check your pressures a few times so you know what pressure range gets you into or close to the correct temp range is about as silly as saying taking the time to get the clickers sorted is just too much hassle.

Sure you need to do a little work but the gains are well worth the effort IMHO.
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Old 05-17-2013, 11:23 AM
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If you dig into it you will find that what the sidewall says is what you should run. Anything else and you are on your own - FWIW.
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Old 07-16-2013, 01:42 PM
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Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
Just so I understand you correctly: are you suggesting that if I start with a completely stock motorcycle I will get the same gains by acheiving an ideal tire pressure as I would with a properly setup suspension?
Old thread, just read it... No, that's most definetly not what I'm saying... Different changes give different amount of gains... Suspension usually outweights pressure changes, but both represent gains, or drawbacks if correct/incorrect...

What I'm saying is that however the bike is setup, everyone gains from having a ballpark correct tire pressure... And the way I see it, there are three approaches to that... (could be more, fill in the blanks)

Option one, run the recommended pressure on the side wall... Period... Don't bother with any theory, testing or anything else... It will work fine for most riders in most situations... But no, not all... Sorry, you can't convince me otherwise...

Option two, "cool guy's" approach... Run the much talked about track pressures... Usually results in a quick wearing tire and various handling issues, since the suspension probably isn't really set up either... But, it's cool, so who cares?

Option three, pick whatever theory you like, and set the pressure with that... For me, the pressure increase version works well enough, and as the temperature varies quite a lot around here over my riding season, doing it a few times over the season saves me from having greasy tires in midsummer, and scary slides in fall/spring from cold tires, which is the results I'm getting if I run the sidewall spec... Just saying...

Dunno exactly what your yearly weather cycle is in IN, but here I ride from the point where it freezes, to todays mid day temp of around 30C in the shade... The same pressure doesn't work for both...

Last edited by Tweety; 07-16-2013 at 01:50 PM.
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Old 07-18-2013, 01:25 PM
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I see this is a heated thread (no pun intended), but I feel this question is relevant. For an average rider street rider, in my case with PP3 on the front and PR3 on the rear, what is a good starting spot for pressure? Currently I run 32/32 at the recommendation of the PO, but after reading this thread I feel that that is way off. Is the 10% gain once "hot" more important, or the shop manual specs, or the sidewall as Jamie seems to be an advocate of? As said above this is like a oil thread but any input is good input, right?
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Old 07-18-2013, 01:35 PM
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Originally Posted by KCCO View Post
I see this is a heated thread (no pun intended), but I feel this question is relevant. For an average rider street rider, in my case with PP3 on the front and PR3 on the rear, what is a good starting spot for pressure? Currently I run 32/32 at the recommendation of the PO, but after reading this thread I feel that that is way off. Is the 10% gain once "hot" more important, or the shop manual specs, or the sidewall as Jamie seems to be an advocate of? As said above this is like a oil thread but any input is good input, right?
In your case you might as well stick with what you have been doing. Those Michelins are like bricks unless you get them really hot (like race track kind of hot). You can't really help or hurt them too much, so go ahead any run whatever you like.
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Old 07-18-2013, 01:56 PM
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Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
In your case you might as well stick with what you have been doing. Those Michelins are like bricks unless you get them really hot (like race track kind of hot). You can't really help or hurt them too much, so go ahead any run whatever you like.
Yup.. found the same except in mid summer Central Texas heat..then they get hot enough in just medium street work for more then 15 min runs to make rubber ball boogers.
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Old 07-18-2013, 02:50 PM
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Thanks for the input! I bumped it to 34/36 to see the difference and didn't feel much different. I think I'll stick to the 32/32 for now. Plus wear isn't much of an issue for me right now.
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Old 07-19-2013, 03:18 AM
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Originally Posted by JamieDaugherty View Post
In your case you might as well stick with what you have been doing. Those Michelins are like bricks unless you get them really hot (like race track kind of hot). You can't really help or hurt them too much, so go ahead any run whatever you like.
I agree with you for the PP3 on the front, altough I haven't actually run a PP3 yet... It should be similar to the PP2/PP2CT...

But for the rear PR3, I'm not so sure I agree... The PR have smaller fashion cuts and groves to make them good in rain and cold... Those will most likely overheat way too fast with a low pressure on an average hot day... The result on the PR2 was that it basically fell apart, so I'd say it's a chance the PR3 chould be somewhat similar...

Check the tire, and perhaps increase the pressure... I'm not saying it's neccesary, just possible...
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Old 07-19-2013, 05:50 AM
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Wit 34/36 cold then came out to 36/ 40 warm, does that sound right?
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Old 07-20-2013, 12:59 AM
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Originally Posted by KCCO View Post
Wit 34/36 cold then came out to 36/ 40 warm, does that sound right?
2 in the front PP3 and 4 in the rear PR3... I'd say you could lower the pressure in front to build the same increase there, like Jamie said, the PP series is a stout tire, and needs the heat... Rear should be ok as is, but not much more, then you are probably overheating the sipes...
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